Animals in Ancient Egypt

by Egyptian Symbols February 01, 2020

The relationship between the ancient Egyptians and the animal kingdom

She was close and intense ! Not only were the pharaohs themselves compared with   animals  that were considered to possess certain characteristics, such as the lion,   symbol  of strength and majesty, but their deities were represented as human beings with heads or some features of animals, such as Horus, god of the morning sun, represented with the head of a hawk, so this bird was considered his living incarnation.

Dogs and cats were already presented, apart from as hunters of prey and mice, as pets.   Mummifications  of these two types of pets have been found buried with their owners.

The Egyptians were the first breeders of dogs.

This activity focused especially on four breeds: the Dalmatian Greyhound, of Nubian origin, a type of dingo, a molosser and a type of guard dog. The dogs were related to the deceased, possibly because of their habit of wandering through cemeteries at night. In the city of Abydos, a deity called Khentementin, represented by a dog, was worshipped.


Cats were sacred animals, so much so that in struggles with the Persians, the Egyptians surrendered if their adversaries carried them on their shields. In ancient   Egypt the cat  had no name, but was named by its onomatopoeia Miw. It was forbidden to kill them and to take them out of the country.

If they fell ill they were given the same care as the children, and after their death the owners dressed in mourning. It was normal to mummify them and bury them, either with their owners or in a cat cemetery.

The largest was in the city of Bubastis, which means "Bastet's Mansion". The cat goddess Bastet, main divinity during the XXII dynasty was the protector of the family and the home, patron saint of pleasure, femininity, joy, music and dance.

Meat was part of the Egyptian diet. Apart from herds of goats, lambs or herds of pigs, wild animals such as antelopes, gazelles, deer, wild goats, oryx, buffaloes, ibexes, royal herons or even hyenas were bred in captivity.


Monkeys, dogs and cats were used in different games. Donkeys, donkeys and oxen were used for transport. The best hunters were the dogs, also sometimes taken to war with the horses.

While some species of birds, such as quail, were in the wild and were trapped with nets and traps, others developed in the domestic environment, such as ducks, geese, geese, doves and turtledoves, to which the roosters would later be added, it is doubtful whether in the Persian Period or in the Ptolemaic.


Fishing was practiced with nets and harpoons. However, there is no indication that the Egyptians came to conserve or raise fish in captivity.

Because of their wild and dangerous nature, the Egyptians feared a large number of animals. Because of their proximity, the hippos and crocodiles should be mentioned, as well as the big cats: lions, panthers, jackals... And, without a doubt, the treacherous snakes, such as boas, pythons, snakes or cobras. Not forgetting, of course, insect pests.

Wolves, lynxes, cheetahs, mongooses, mandrels, deer, hares, mice, bats, chameleons, snakes, urchins, ostriches, vultures, hawks, kites, owls, ducks, swallows, sparrows, Egyptian vultures, lapwings, shrews, lizards, frogs or turtles, complement the broad spectrum of fauna present in   ancient Egypt.

Egyptian Symbols
Egyptian Symbols

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Size Guide

Inch For Egyptian Rings

You can Shop our  Egyptian Rings in the collection 'Egyptian Ring'


Rings that are thinner and more flush to the thumb are the best. The joint is the widest part, so it must be taken into account when measuring. Once you get the ring on the joint, it'll be safe.

Indexes For Egyptian Rings

If you look at your hand, you will see and feel that the index finger tends to have more flesh at its base. This means that any ring you order will fit quite well. We often suggest that you increase the size of your ring by +1, which will allow you to fold your finger.

Middle and ring finger

Beware of finger joints, especially if the finger is narrow at the base. When choosing rings for these fingers, remember that if it slides comfortably on the joint, it will be much too large for the base and will more than likely swing around the finger.

Little fingers

These fingers need extra attention because people tend to lose their rings all the time - especially when their hands are cold or wet, or when they enter and exit their pockets. The rule is to wear it as tight as possible while being able to bend your finger - if it is too tight, it is better to loosen it than to lose it.

Your fingers can shrink in summer and expand in winter.
The main reason your fingers expand and shrink is that your body reacts to changes in temperature in your environment. When you are in a cold environment, your body tries to keep your heart warm by tightening your blood vessels and reducing the blood flow to your skin. This process is called vasoconstriction. This is necessary because heat is lost from your skin to the environment, so your body tries to reduce the flow of blood to your extremities, especially to your fingers and toes. This shrinks your fingers and toes, so if you wear a ring on your finger, it will come off.

The opposite happens when it is hot outside. Your body tries to cool itself by dissipating heat through your skin, in a process we all know too well: sweating. As the outside temperature increases, your blood vessels dilate, so your blood flow increases and excess heat in your body can be released into the environment through your skin. This is called vasodilation. This dilation causes your fingers and toes to expand, so if you wear a ring, it will suddenly become much tighter.