Biography of Akhenaten | The heretic pharaoh

by Egyptian Symbols February 01, 2020

  • Akhenaten has been a famous pharaoh who went down in history for being the one who carried out the great religious reform by which the cult focused on the sun god, Aton.

Biography of Akenaton

akhenaten

Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep or Amenophis IV, was an Egyptian pharaoh belonging to the XVIII dynasty in the New Empire of Egypt that reigned between 1353 - 1336 BC. (approximately).

It is known to be the heretic pharaoh because of the religious reform carried out basing the cult on the god Aton, sun god.

He ascended the throne when he was barely 18 years old. He was known as Amenhotep or Amenophis in honor of his father, the pharaoh Amenhotep III.

He was married to the beautiful Nefertiti. After five years of reign, he decided to change the established order and impose a new religion. He decided to put aside the numerous Egyptian pantheon and focus the cult on the sun god, Aton.

akhenaten
The new cult focused on the superiority of the god Aton over the other Egyptian gods, ie a religion with a monotheistic base. Pharaoh himself would be the intermediary of the god.

He ordered the closing of the temples of the other gods, the confiscation of all their properties and the destruction of all the symbols that were related to the rest of the gods, especially to the god Amon-Ra. Thus the pharaoh could recover the power lost at the hands of the priests of this god.

He even changed his own name to Akhenaten, which is pleasing to Aton. He even decided to move the capital to a new city, Akathon, which would be located between the 2 capitals of the Egyptian Empire, Thebes in Upper Egypt and Memphis in Lower Egypt.

This change had serious consequences. There were strong discrepancies between society, since the cult of the ancient gods, deeply rooted among the population, had been eliminated.

It also caused an economic crisis caused by the dismantling of the activities that revolved around places of worship and by obtaining a large amount of resources for the construction of the new capital and temples dedicated to Aton.
akhenaten
Due to the economic centralization it carried out, the management began to be corrupt and chaotic. All this led to a great number of enemies not only in the village, but also among the Egyptian noble families and even the clergy. In addition, all this caused him to neglect foreign policy issues, so that Egypt was losing strength in favor of the Hittites of the Middle East.

The positive point was taken by art. An era of greater creative freedom characterized by realism and known as the Amarna period originated.

Throughout his life he had no male heirs, only daughters. Because there was no heir, the throne passed to his son-in-law, Tutankhamun, who undid what had been done by his predecessor and the country returned to its former state.

Egyptian Symbols
Egyptian Symbols



Also in News

The mysteries of Nefertiti, "the coming beauty".

by Egyptian Symbols February 01, 2020

Read More
Howard Carter | He discoverer the Tutankhamun tomb!

by Egyptian Symbols February 01, 2020

Read More
Mummification in Ancient Egypt

by Egyptian Symbols February 01, 2020

Read More
Size Guide

Inch For Egyptian Rings

You can Shop our  Egyptian Rings in the collection 'Egyptian Ring'

ring-size-chart

Rings that are thinner and more flush to the thumb are the best. The joint is the widest part, so it must be taken into account when measuring. Once you get the ring on the joint, it'll be safe.

Indexes For Egyptian Rings

If you look at your hand, you will see and feel that the index finger tends to have more flesh at its base. This means that any ring you order will fit quite well. We often suggest that you increase the size of your ring by +1, which will allow you to fold your finger.

Middle and ring finger

Beware of finger joints, especially if the finger is narrow at the base. When choosing rings for these fingers, remember that if it slides comfortably on the joint, it will be much too large for the base and will more than likely swing around the finger.

Little fingers

These fingers need extra attention because people tend to lose their rings all the time - especially when their hands are cold or wet, or when they enter and exit their pockets. The rule is to wear it as tight as possible while being able to bend your finger - if it is too tight, it is better to loosen it than to lose it.

Your fingers can shrink in summer and expand in winter.
The main reason your fingers expand and shrink is that your body reacts to changes in temperature in your environment. When you are in a cold environment, your body tries to keep your heart warm by tightening your blood vessels and reducing the blood flow to your skin. This process is called vasoconstriction. This is necessary because heat is lost from your skin to the environment, so your body tries to reduce the flow of blood to your extremities, especially to your fingers and toes. This shrinks your fingers and toes, so if you wear a ring on your finger, it will come off.

The opposite happens when it is hot outside. Your body tries to cool itself by dissipating heat through your skin, in a process we all know too well: sweating. As the outside temperature increases, your blood vessels dilate, so your blood flow increases and excess heat in your body can be released into the environment through your skin. This is called vasodilation. This dilation causes your fingers and toes to expand, so if you wear a ring, it will suddenly become much tighter.