Lover of Julius Caesar, she had a tragic ending that would mark the fate of Egypt. She was the last queen of Ancient Egypt belonging to the Ptolemaic dynasty, founded by Ptolemy I, one of Alexander the Great's generals, and the last queen belonging to the Hellenistic period of Egypt.
Her full name was Cleopatra Filopator Nea Thea, although she is known as Cleopatra VII or simply Cleopatra. She was born in 69 B.C. Her parents were Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V. She was an educated woman who had knowledge of different sciences such as astronomy or medicine. She inherited the throne at the age of 17, a responsibility she had to share with her brother Ptolemy XIV, with whom she had to marry.
Their reign together lasted only a short time, between 51 and 49 BC. There were continuous clashes between the two, which led to the loss of the throne by Cleopatra. She, eager for power, decided to plan her brother's death in order to have a free path to politics. When the court learned of her wiles, she was forced to flee.
However, there came a stroke of luck. The civil struggles of Rome reached the country of the Nile and with them the emperor Julius Caesar, who persecuted his enemy Pompey. Seeing the conflict between Cleopatra and her brother, she decides to support her but the latter would die in the so-called Alexandrian War, like Pompey. This made Cleopatra accede to the throne immediately. Furthermore, during this war the famous Alexandria library was burned down and lost forever.
Julius Caesar became the queen's lover, and from this union was born a son who would bear the name of Caesarion. However, at the end of time, Caesar abandons her and makes her marry her brother Ptolemy XIV, who was still a child. When Caesar died, Cleopatra got rid of her own husband when Caesar's successor, Mark Antony, who would be her great love, arrived in Egypt. Three sons were born from her union, Ptolemy and the twins Alexander and Cleopatra.
Shortly after, the Ptolemaic War broke out. In it, Augustus fought against Mark Antony for the power of Rome. During the naval battle of Accio, Mark Antony is defeated by Octavian, but manages to flee to Alexandria where he takes refuge along with Cleopatra. However, Augustus' troops manage to take the city, so Mark Antony commits suicide.
Octavian had specific plans for Cleopatra. He intended to take her prisoner and show her in Rome at the Triumph celebrations, now that Egypt had become a Roman province. Thus he would achieve popular fervor and his political aspirations would be widely supported.
Cleopatra saw clearly the intentions of her enemy and fearing that she would end up a slave decided to die, just as her beloved had done. Cleopatra took her own life thanks to the bite of an asp, one of the most poisonous snakes, in 30 BC. The most romantic opinions say that he took his life because of the death of his beloved Mark Antony. Before committing suicide, he asked Octavian by means of a letter to bury her with Mark Antony, a wish he granted her, although the whereabouts of the burial of both lovers are still unknown.
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Rings that are thinner and more flush to the thumb are the best. The joint is the widest part, so it must be taken into account when measuring. Once you get the ring on the joint, it'll be safe.
If you look at your hand, you will see and feel that the index finger tends to have more flesh at its base. This means that any ring you order will fit quite well. We often suggest that you increase the size of your ring by +1, which will allow you to fold your finger.
Beware of finger joints, especially if the finger is narrow at the base. When choosing rings for these fingers, remember that if it slides comfortably on the joint, it will be much too large for the base and will more than likely swing around the finger.
These fingers need extra attention because people tend to lose their rings all the time - especially when their hands are cold or wet, or when they enter and exit their pockets. The rule is to wear it as tight as possible while being able to bend your finger - if it is too tight, it is better to loosen it than to lose it.
Your fingers can shrink in summer and expand in winter.
The main reason your fingers expand and shrink is that your body reacts to changes in temperature in your environment. When you are in a cold environment, your body tries to keep your heart warm by tightening your blood vessels and reducing the blood flow to your skin. This process is called vasoconstriction. This is necessary because heat is lost from your skin to the environment, so your body tries to reduce the flow of blood to your extremities, especially to your fingers and toes. This shrinks your fingers and toes, so if you wear a ring on your finger, it will come off.
The opposite happens when it is hot outside. Your body tries to cool itself by dissipating heat through your skin, in a process we all know too well: sweating. As the outside temperature increases, your blood vessels dilate, so your blood flow increases and excess heat in your body can be released into the environment through your skin. This is called vasodilation. This dilation causes your fingers and toes to expand, so if you wear a ring, it will suddenly become much tighter.