Egyptian mythology is composed of stories and characters that were part of the religion of ancient Egypt, the first civilization known on earth. Much of the folklore involves stories of mortals meeting the major gods of their religion, or stories of how the gods came to create different parts of the natural world by magic.
Some of the major elements of Egyptian mythology are things like their worship of kings, their worship of the sun, and multiple gods who were sometimes partly animals
When many people consider ancient Egypt today, they often think of King Tutankhamun - King Tutan - and mummies. Kings like Tut were honored and revered during their lives and after their death. The inhabitants of pre-dynastic Egypt, before 3100 BC, considered their kings to be gods. Later, the Egyptians considered kings as intermediaries between themselves and the gods. It was believed that most Egyptian gods sometimes walked among the people, and that they even had problems and worries just like them.
Many of their gods were partly beasts, such as Anubis, who was often depicted with the head of a jackal. Another major god, Horus, was represented with the head of a falcon. Similarly, the Great Sphinx that the Egyptians built at Giza consists of the body of a lion with a human head.
These Egyptian gods and many of the more than 2,000 known Egyptian gods have been the subject of much writing in literature, poetry and scholarly works over the years.
They mummified the dead to prevent them from decomposing, so that souls could recognize their bodies after the funeral and move on to the next life.
Many people are interested in Egyptian mythology today. Almost all the elements of Egyptian mythology that are well known today have their origins over a period of 3000 years; this highly religious part of the ancient history of Egypt began in what is called early dynastic Egypt, around 3100 BC.
It is at this time that the great pyramids were built, with the major symbols of their religion painted inside and engraved in the walls.
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