Mummification in Ancient Egypt

by Egyptian Symbols February 01, 2020


In Ancient Egypt, as in other cultures, there were funerary rites specific to the area, as they believed in life after death. The most characteristic rite was the embalming of the deceased, the so-called mummification.

Mummification-Process

This custom was very expensive, so it was normally only within the reach of the royal family and wealthy families. The process lasted a total of about 70 days.

It began a couple of days after the person's death. The body was taken to the embalmers on the banks of the Nile River, as they needed abundant water to carry out the process. They used to wear a mask in the shape of a jackal's head representing the god Anubis.

The process began by placing the body of the deceased on a table that could be made of wood, stone or even alabaster. The table was shaped like a lion. Next to it were smaller ones with the necessary tools for the work and to deposit the internal organs of the deceased.

Mummification
First, the body was washed. When it was clean, the organs were extracted, starting with the brain, which was extracted with hooks through the nose, and continuing with the stomach, intestines, lungs and liver. Each of them was then wrapped in pieces of linen and placed in four vessels called canopy vessels.

Each represented a divinity, called 'Sons of Horus'. They were Duamutef, in the shape of a jackal, where the stomach was introduced; Qebehsenuf, in the shape of a hawk, received the intestines; in Hapy's, in the shape of a monkey, the lungs were introduced, and finally there was the Amset vessel, with a human appearance, where the liver was introduced.

The heart was the only organ left inside the body. According to Egyptian belief, it was the place that housed feelings, consciousness and most importantly, life. If it was stolen, it had to be replaced by a heart-rabbit.

Mummification
After having extracted the organs, the body was covered with natron, a salt that dried the body, dehydrating it to avoid its decomposition. It was left this way for about 35 or 40 days.

After these days, the salt was removed and the body was filled with sawdust or silt from the Nile and even spices. Then it was sewn and if the person was important, it could be closed with linen, a wax plate and if it was the Pharaoh himself, a gold plate could be placed.

Once this was done, the body was washed with water from the Nile. Afterwards, it was anointed with aromatic oils and balsams. Finally it was time to bandage the body.

Mummification
To do this, linen bandages were used, sometimes impregnated with resin. It was carried out by the embalmer through a strict ritual in which spells were pronounced to protect the life of the deceased in the afterlife.

Egyptian Symbols
Egyptian Symbols



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Size Guide

Inch For Egyptian Rings

You can Shop our  Egyptian Rings in the collection 'Egyptian Ring'

ring-size-chart

Rings that are thinner and more flush to the thumb are the best. The joint is the widest part, so it must be taken into account when measuring. Once you get the ring on the joint, it'll be safe.

Indexes For Egyptian Rings

If you look at your hand, you will see and feel that the index finger tends to have more flesh at its base. This means that any ring you order will fit quite well. We often suggest that you increase the size of your ring by +1, which will allow you to fold your finger.

Middle and ring finger

Beware of finger joints, especially if the finger is narrow at the base. When choosing rings for these fingers, remember that if it slides comfortably on the joint, it will be much too large for the base and will more than likely swing around the finger.

Little fingers

These fingers need extra attention because people tend to lose their rings all the time - especially when their hands are cold or wet, or when they enter and exit their pockets. The rule is to wear it as tight as possible while being able to bend your finger - if it is too tight, it is better to loosen it than to lose it.

Your fingers can shrink in summer and expand in winter.
The main reason your fingers expand and shrink is that your body reacts to changes in temperature in your environment. When you are in a cold environment, your body tries to keep your heart warm by tightening your blood vessels and reducing the blood flow to your skin. This process is called vasoconstriction. This is necessary because heat is lost from your skin to the environment, so your body tries to reduce the flow of blood to your extremities, especially to your fingers and toes. This shrinks your fingers and toes, so if you wear a ring on your finger, it will come off.

The opposite happens when it is hot outside. Your body tries to cool itself by dissipating heat through your skin, in a process we all know too well: sweating. As the outside temperature increases, your blood vessels dilate, so your blood flow increases and excess heat in your body can be released into the environment through your skin. This is called vasodilation. This dilation causes your fingers and toes to expand, so if you wear a ring, it will suddenly become much tighter.